This group of filters serves no utilitarian purpose but is nonetheless quite amusing and hence should be maintained for posterity.
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.

527 lines
18 KiB

\input texinfo.tex @c -*-texinfo-*-
@c
@c %**start of header
@c All text is ignored before the setfilename.
@setfilename talkfilters.info
@settitle talkfilters @value{edition}
@set edition 2.3
@set update-month December 2003
@set update-date 8 @value{update-month}
@comment %**end of header
@tex
\global\emergencystretch = .3\hsize
@end tex
@setchapternewpage odd
@titlepage
@title GNU Talk Filters
@subtitle Amusing Text Translators
@subtitle Version @value{edition}
@subtitle @value{update-date}
@author Mark A. Lindner, et. al.
@page
@vskip 0pt plus 1filll
Copyright @copyright{} 1998-2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of
this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice
are preserved on all copies.
Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire
resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission
notice identical to this one.
@end titlepage
@contents
@ifnottex
@node Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@top talkfilters
@end ifnottex
@menu
* Introduction::
* The Filters::
* The Talkfilters Library::
* Writing New Filters::
* Credits::
* Software License::
* Type and Function Index::
@end menu
@node Introduction, The Filters, Top, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter Introduction
The GNU Talk Filters are filter programs that convert English text into
text that mimics a stereotyped or otherwise humorous type of
speech. This package is not an original work but rather a collection and
integration of existing filter programs that were written by various
people and that have been in the public domain for many years. For a
list of authors, see @ref{Credits}.
The filters are provided in both executable and library form. See @ref{The
Filters} for synopses of the programs, and @ref{The Talkfilters Library}
for a description of the library API.
Since the filters do word and substring substitution on the text they
process, any word-wrap formatting of the original text will not be
preserved in the output. The included @code{wrap} filter program may be
used to reformat the output of the other filters to fit within a
specified number of columns.
Some of these filters contain vulgarity, and thus are not appropriate
for all audiences. If you find something offensive in one or more of
these filters, please do not flame the maintainer of this package or the
original authors, or request that the filter(s) in question be censored
or removed; requests of this type will be summarily ignored.
These filters are not guaranteed to be idempotent across all inputs;
that is, repeated applications of a given filter on an input may cause
the output to differ each time. Moreover, some of the filters use
randomization techniques so a given input is not guaranteed to produce
the same output across invocations.
The `flex' lexer (or any other lexer program, for that matter) is not
required to build and use this package. However, `flex' @i{is} required
to rebuild the filters if the @file{.l} source files are changed.
@b{These filters are provided for amusement only. No racial or societal
slurs are intended nor should be inferred.}
@node The Filters, The Talkfilters Library, Introduction, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter The Filters
The filters provided in this package are enumerated below. This chapter
describes the synopses for the individual filter programs; for a
description of the library API, see @ref{The Talkfilters Library}.
@sp 1
@multitable @columnfractions .20 .80
@item @code{austro} @tab Austrian (Ahhhhnold)
@item @code{b1ff} @tab B1FF of U@sc{senet} yore
@item @code{brooklyn} @tab Brooklyn accent
@item @code{chef} @tab Swedish Chef (from @i{The Muppet Show})
@item @code{cockney} @tab Londoner accent
@item @code{drawl} @tab Southern drawl
@item @code{dubya} @tab George "Dubya" Bush
@item @code{fudd} @tab Elmer Fudd (from the Looney Tunes cartoons)
@item @code{funetak} @tab Thick Asian accent
@item @code{jethro} @tab Jethro from @i{The Beverly Hillbillies}
@item @code{jive} @tab 1970's Jive
@item @code{kraut} @tab German accent
@item @code{pansy} @tab Effeminate male
@item @code{pirate} @tab Pirate talk
@item @code{postmodern} @tab Postmodernist talk (``Feminazi'')
@item @code{redneck} @tab Country redneck
@item @code{valspeak} @tab Valley talk
@item @code{warez} @tab H4x0r code
@item @code{wrap} @tab Word-wrap filter
@end multitable
@sp 1
The filter programs read from standard input and write to
standard output. They all recognize the following switches:
@table @code
@item --version
Print version information and exit.
@item --help
Print usage information and exit.
@end table
@sp 1
The @code{wrap} filter program additionally recognizes the following
switch:
@table @code
@item -w @i{width}
Specify the maximum number of columns @i{width} that the text may
span. The minimum value of @i{width} is 10.
@end table
@sp 1
An example usage might be:
@example
man ls | jive | wrap -w 78 | less
@end example
@node The Talkfilters Library, Writing New Filters, The Filters, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter The Talkfilters Library
All of the filters in the GNU Talk Filters are available collectively as
a C library which can be linked with other programs to provide embedded
text filtering support. While the individual filter programs filter from
standard input to standard output, the filtering functions in the
library operate on in-memory buffers instead.
This chapter describes the API to the Talkfilters library. All of the
functions and types described below are declared in the header file
@file{talkfilters.h}.
@deftypefun int gtf_filter_count (void)
This function returns the number of filters in the library.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun {gtf_filter_t *} gtf_filter_list (void)
This function returns a pointer to an array of @i{gtf_filter_t}
structures which contain information about each of the filters in the
library, including the filter's symbolic name, a brief description of
the filter that is suitable for display purposes, and a pointer to the
filter function.
@end deftypefun
The following C program illustrates the use of
@code{gtf_filter_count()} and @code{gtf_filter_list()} to display
information about each filter in the library and invoke the filter
on some test input:
@sp 1
@cartouche
@example
#include <stdio.h>
#include <talkfilters.h>
int main(void)
@{
int ct, i;
const gtf_filter_t *filters, *fp;
const char *inbuf = "This is a test.";
char outbuf[1024];
ct = gtf_filter_count();
printf("There are %d filters available.\n", ct);
filters = gtf_filter_list();
for(i = 0, fp = filters; i < ct; i++, fp++)
@{
printf("filter #%d: %s - %s\n", i + 1, fp->name, fp->desc);
fp->filter(inbuf, outbuf, sizeof(outbuf));
puts(outbuf);
@}
exit(0);
@}
@end example
@end cartouche
@page
@tindex gtf_filter_t
The type @i{gtf_filter_t} is a structure which contains the following
members:
@table @code
@item char *name
The symbolic name of the filter.
@item char *desc
A brief description of the filter.
@item int (*filter)(const char *, char *, size_t)
The filter function.
@end table
@deftypefun {gtf_filter_t *} gtf_filter_lookup (@w{const char *@var{name}})
This is a lookup function for locating a specific filter. The function
searches for the filter with the symbolic name @var{name}, and returns a
pointer to the @i{gtf_filter_t} structure for that filter. If a filter
with the given name is not found, the function returns @code{NULL}.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun int gtf_filter_austro (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_b1ff (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_brooklyn (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_chef (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_cockney (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_drawl (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_dubya (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_fudd (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_funetak (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_jethro (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_jive (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_kraut (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_pansy (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_pirate (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_postmodern (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_redneck (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_valspeak (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@deftypefunx int gtf_filter_warez (@w{const char *@var{input}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
These functions invoke the corresponding filters on the input buffer
@var{input}, which must be a NUL-terminated string. At most @var{bufsz}
- 1 bytes of output are written to the buffer @var{buf}. The output is
unconditionally NUL-terminated, but the text itself may be truncated if
the buffer is too small to accommodate all of the output.
The functions return 0 on success, or 1 if a buffer overflow occurred
(signifying that the output was truncated).
Note that lexical scanners generated by `flex' are not reentrant, so no
assumptions should be made about the reentrancy of the above
functions. When this library is used in a multithreaded environment,
calls to these functions should be protected by mutex locks.
@end deftypefun
@node Writing New Filters, Credits, The Talkfilters Library, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter Writing New Filters
Writing new filters and adding them to the library is fairly
straightforward, but certain conventions must be observed to ensure that
the filters will work properly both as standalone programs and as
library functions. The internal header file @file{common.h} declares
some utility functions and macros that should be used to ensure proper
behavior.
@defmac gtf_parse_args ()
A filter's @code{main()} function should make a call to this macro to
process the command line arguments. Currently, only the standard
@samp{--help} and @samp{--version} switches are recognized. A call to
this macro should typically be the first statement in @code{main()}.
@end defmac
@defmac gtf_random_seed ()
Filters which make calls to the @code{gtf_random()} macro (described
below), should make a call to this macro (preferably in @code{main()})
to seed the random number generator. This macro seeds the random number
sequence with a bitwise @sc{or} of the current system time and the
@sc{pid} of the calling process.
@end defmac
@defmac gtf_random (range)
This macro returns a random integer in the range [0, @var{range}).
@end defmac
@defmac gtf_printf (format, ...)
@defmacx gtf_putc (char)
@defmacx gtf_puts (string)
Filters must be able to function both as standalone programs and as
library functions, so the stdio library functions cannot be used to
write output. Instead, these macros should be used in place of the stdio
library functions @code{printf()}, @code{putchar()}, and @code{puts()},
respectively. When a filter is compiled to run as an executable, these
macros simply evaluate to calls to the stdio functions they replace;
when it is compiled into the library, they evaluate to calls to internal
library functions which write to a data buffer.
@end defmac
@defmac gtf_puts_case (string)
This macro is a specialized form of @code{gtf_puts()} which ensures that
the case of the first character in @var{string} matches that of the
first character in the currently matched token. For example, if
@code{yytext} is ``Hello'', calling @code{gtf_puts_case()} with either
``howdy'' or ``Howdy'' as an argument will write the string ``Howdy'',
whereas if @code{yytext} is ``hello'', the string written will be
``howdy''.
@end defmac
@defmac gtf_unput_last ()
This macro ``unputs'' the last character of the current token. In other
words, the last character of @code{yytext} will be returned back to the
input stream, so that it will be the next character read by the lexical
scanner.
@end defmac
@deftypefun void gtf_strbuf_init (@w{gtf_databuf_t *@var{sbuf}}, @w{char *@var{buf}}, @w{size_t @var{bufsz}})
@tindex gtf_databuf_t
This function initializes the @i{gtf_databuf_t} structure at @var{sbuf}
to point to the buffer @var{buf}, which is @var{bufsz} bytes in length;
these values specify the buffer to which the @code{gtf_printf()},
@code{gtf_putc()}, @code{gtf_puts()}, and @code{gtf_puts_case()} macros
will ultimately write their output when the filter is called through the
library API. The @i{gtf_databuf_t} structure contains an integer field
named @code{overflow} which will contain the value 1 after the call to
@code{yylex()} if a buffer overflow occurred during filtering; otherwise
it will contain the value 0.
@end deftypefun
@defmac gtf_reset ()
This macro should be called after the call to @code{yylex()} within the
filter API function in order to reset the state of the lexical scanner
in preparation for the next call.
@end defmac
The following example shows the C code that implements both the library
interface and the @code{main()} function for the @code{chef} filter.
@sp 1
@cartouche
@example
#ifdef LIBRARY_MODE
int gtf_filter_chef(const char *input, char *buf, size_t bufsz)
@{
gtf_databuf_t buffer;
YY_BUFFER_STATE _yybuf;
gtf_strbuf_init(&buffer, buf, bufsz);
_yybuf = yy_scan_string(input);
yylex(&buffer);
yy_delete_buffer(_yybuf);
gtf_reset();
return(buffer.overflow);
@}
#else /* LIBRARY_MODE */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
@{
gtf_parse_args();
yylex(NULL);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
@}
#endif /* LIBRARY_MODE */
@end example
@end cartouche
@page
Each filter lex file must have an introductory fragment similar to
the following:
@sp 1
@cartouche
@example
%option prefix="chef_yy"
%option outfile="lex.yy.c"
%option noyywrap
%@{
#include "common.h"
#define YY_DECL int yylex(gtf_databuf_t *buf)
%@}
@end example
@end cartouche
The @code{prefix} option specifies a prefix for the names of the
functions generated for this filter; the function names for each filter
must be unique so that multiple filters can coexist within the
library.
The @code{outfile} option reverses an undesirable side effect of the
@code{prefix} option, which is to name the generated C source file based
on the prefix; this breaks @code{ylwrap} (an Automake helper program),
which expects the output file to be named @code{lex.yy.c}.
The @code{noyywrap} option specifies that no @code{yywrap()} function is
needed.
The macro @code{YY_DECL} is defined to specify that the @code{yylex()}
function takes a single argument, a pointer to the @i{gtf_databuf_t}
structure described above. When @code{yylex()} is called from
@code{main()}, no output buffer is needed since text is written to
standard output, so in that case, it is called with a @code{NULL}
pointer as the argument. This function can be declared to accept
additional arguments, but the @var{buf} argument @i{must} be present.
The file @file{talkfilters.c} contains a filter registry in the form of
an array of structures. Entries should be added therein for new
filters. Appropriate @code{extern} declarations of the API functions for
new filters should also be added to @file{talkfilters.h}.
@node Credits, Software License, Writing New Filters, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter Credits
While all of these filters have been available in one form or another in
the public domain for many years, the original authors of some of the
filters are unknown. Reasonable attempts were made to find the authors
and obtain written permission to repackage the filters as GNU software,
but in some cases they could not be located.
The following table lists the known authors and contributors.
@sp 1
@multitable @columnfractions .20 .80
@item @code{austro} @tab Tom van Nes
@item @code{b1ff} @tab Matt Welsh, David Whitten
@item @code{brooklyn} @tab Daniel V Klein (@file{nyc.l})
@item @code{chef} @tab John Hagerman
@item @code{cockney} @tab Stephen K Mulrine, Edward Betts (@file{ken.l}); @i{unknown} (@file{cockney.l}); extensive enhancements by Samuel Stoddard
@item @code{drawl} @tab Adam Hudd
@item @code{dubya} @tab @i{anonymous contribution}
@item @code{fudd} @tab @i{unknown}
@item @code{funetak} @tab Eclipse Enterprises
@item @code{jethro} @tab Duane Paulson
@item @code{jive} @tab Daniel V Klein, Clement Cole, with enhancements by Samuel Stoddard
@item @code{kraut} @tab @i{unknown}
@item @code{pansy} @tab @i{unknown}
@item @code{pirate} @tab Original Perl/PHP version by Dougal Campbell, with enhancements by Mark Lindner
@item @code{postmodern} @tab @i{unknown}
@item @code{redneck} @tab Brand Hilton
@item @code{valspeak} @tab @i{unknown}
@item @code{warez} @tab Ian Johnston, with enhancements by Mark Lindner
@item @code{wrap} @tab Mark Lindner
@end multitable
@sp 1
The filters were repackaged, integrated, optimized, and documented by
Mark Lindner (@email{markl@@gnu.org}).
@node Software License, Type and Function Index, Credits, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@chapter Software License
@include gpl.texi
@node Type and Function Index, , Software License, Top
@comment node-name, next, previous, up
@unnumbered Type and Function Index
@printindex tp
@printindex fn
@bye