Since musl 1.1.23, it too does not provide `major` and `minor` through
sys/types.h, so instead include sys/sysmacros.h based on the absence of
`major` rather than only on glibc.
Thanks to Rich Felker for the suggestion.
On glibc, major, minor, and makedev are all defined in
sys/sysmacros.h with types.h only including this for historical
reasons. A future release of glibc will remove this behaviour,
meaning that major, minor, and makedev will no longer be defined
for us without including sysmacros.h.
Previously, with -p, the specified directory and all of its parents
would be 0777&~filemask (regardless of the -m flag). POSIX says parent
directories must created as (0300|~filemask)&0777, and of course if -m
is set, the specified directory should be created with those
Additionally, POSIX says that for symbolic_mode strings, + and - should
be interpretted relative to a default mode of 0777 (not 0).
Without -p, previously the directory would be created first with
0777&~filemask (before a chmod), but POSIX says that the directory shall
at no point in time have permissions less restrictive than the -m mode
Rather than dealing with mkdir removing the filemask bits by calling
chmod afterward, just clear the umask and remove the bits manually.
In the description of 3111908b03, it says
that the functions must be able to handle st being NULL, but recurse
always passes a valid pointer. The only function that was ever passed
NULL was rm(), but this was changed to go through recurse in
2f4ab52739, so now the checks are
by re-ordering when chmod/chown is done, only a list of directories (not
all files) need be kept for fixing mtime.
this also fixes an issue where set-user-id files in a tar may not work. chmod
is done before chown and before the file is written. if ownership changes, or
the file is being written as a normal user, the setuid bit would be cleared.
also fixes ownership of symbolic links. previously a chown() was called,
which would change the ownership of the link target. lchown() is now
used for symbolic links.
renamed all ent, ent* functions to dir* as it better describes what they
use timespec/utimensat instead of timeval/utimes to get AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW
When we selectively process entries from the archive, ensure that
we jump over the data section of each uninteresting entry before going
on to process the next entry. Not doing so, leaves the file stream
pointer in the wrong place.
This particular change does not have any immediate shortcomings.
We still print a warning to alert the user.
Exiting on a chown() failure caused problems when untarring
inside a restricted user namespace on Linux where the uid/gid
mappings were limited.
Numeric fields can be <space> terminated. Ensure those are
patched with NULs so we can perform string operations.
There is more work to be done in this area, namely some fields like
name, linkname and prefix are not always null-terminated.
This has been a known issue for a long time. Example:
printf "word" > /dev/full
wouldn't report there's not enough space on the device.
This is due to the fact that every libc has internal buffers
for stdout which store fragments of written data until they reach
a certain size or on some callback to flush them all at once to the
You can force the libc to flush them with fflush(). In case flushing
fails, you can check the return value of fflush() and report an error.
However, previously, sbase didn't have such checks and without fflush(),
the libc silently flushes the buffers on exit without checking the errors.
No offense, but there's no way for the libc to report errors in the exit-
GNU coreutils solve this by having onexit-callbacks to handle the flushing
and report issues, but they have obvious deficiencies.
After long discussions on IRC, we came to the conclusion that checking the
return value of every io-function would be a bit too much, and having a
general-purpose fclose-wrapper would be the best way to go.
It turned out that fclose() alone is not enough to detect errors. The right
way to do it is to fflush() + check ferror on the fp and then to a fclose().
This is what fshut does and that's how it's done before each return.
The return value is obviously affected, reporting an error in case a flush
or close failed, but also when reading failed for some reason, the error-
state is caught.
the !!( ... + ...) construction is used to call all functions inside the
brackets and not "terminating" on the first.
We want errors to be reported, but there's no reason to stop flushing buffers
when one other file buffer has issues.
Obviously, functionales come before the flush and ret-logic comes after to
prevent early exits as well without reporting warnings if there are any.
One more advantage of fshut() is that it is even able to report errors
on obscure NFS-setups which the other coreutils are unable to detect,
because they only check the return-value of fflush() and fclose(),
not ferror() as well.