mirror of https://github.com/go-gitea/gitea.git synced 2024-06-19 00:05:31 +00:00
John Olheiser bd4c7ce578
Docusaurus-ify (#26051)
This PR cleans up the docs in a way to make them simpler to ingest by
our [docs repo](https://gitea.com/gitea/gitea-docusaurus).

1. It includes all of the sed invocations our ingestion did, removing
the need to do it at build time.
2. It replaces the shortcode variable replacement method with
`@variable@` style, simply for easier sed invocations when required.
3. It removes unused files and moves the docs up a level as cleanup.


Signed-off-by: jolheiser <john.olheiser@gmail.com>
2023-07-26 04:53:13 +00:00

9.3 KiB

date title slug sidebar_position toc draft aliases menu
2017-06-19T12:00:00+02:00 Installation from binary install-from-binary 15 false false
parent name sidebar_position identifier
installation From binary 15 install-from-binary

Installation from binary

All downloads come with SQLite, MySQL and PostgreSQL support, and are built with embedded assets. This can be different from Gogs.


You can find the file matching your platform from the downloads page after navigating to the version you want to download.

Choosing the right file

For Linux, you will likely want linux-amd64. It's for 64-bit Intel/AMD platforms, but there are other platforms available, including arm64 (e.g. Raspberry PI 4), 386 (i.e. 32-bit), arm-5, and arm-6.

For Windows, you will likely want windows-4.0-amd64. It's for all modern versions of Windows, but there is also a 386 platform available designed for older, 32-bit versions of Windows.

Note: there is also a gogit-windows file available that was created to help with some performance problems reported by some Windows users on older systems/versions. You should consider using this file if you're experiencing performance issues, and let us know if it improves performance.

For macOS, you should choose darwin-arm64 if your hardware uses Apple Silicon, or darwin-amd64 for Intel.

For FreeBSD, you should choose freebsd12-amd64 for 64-bit Intel/AMD platforms.

Downloading with wget

Copy the commands below and replace the URL within the one you wish to download.

wget -O gitea https://dl.gitea.com/gitea/@version@/gitea-@version@-linux-amd64
chmod +x gitea

Note that the above command will download Gitea @version@ for 64-bit Linux.

Verify GPG signature

Gitea signs all binaries with a GPG key to prevent against unwanted modification of binaries. To validate the binary, download the signature file which ends in .asc for the binary you downloaded and use the GPG command line tool.

gpg --keyserver keys.openpgp.org --recv 7C9E68152594688862D62AF62D9AE806EC1592E2
gpg --verify gitea-@version@-linux-amd64.asc gitea-@version@-linux-amd64

Look for the text Good signature from "Teabot <teabot@gitea.io>" to assert a good binary, despite warnings like This key is not certified with a trusted signature!.

NOTE: Many of the following directories can be configured using Environment Variables as well! Of note, configuring GITEA_WORK_DIR will tell Gitea where to base its working directory, as well as ease installation.

Prepare environment

Check that Git is installed on the server. If it is not, install it first. Gitea requires Git version >= 2.0.

git --version

Create a user to run Gitea (e.g. git)

# On Ubuntu/Debian:
adduser \
   --system \
   --shell /bin/bash \
   --gecos 'Git Version Control' \
   --group \
   --disabled-password \
   --home /home/git \

# On Fedora/RHEL/CentOS:
groupadd --system git
adduser \
   --system \
   --shell /bin/bash \
   --comment 'Git Version Control' \
   --gid git \
   --home-dir /home/git \
   --create-home \

Create required directory structure

mkdir -p /var/lib/gitea/{custom,data,log}
chown -R git:git /var/lib/gitea/
chmod -R 750 /var/lib/gitea/
mkdir /etc/gitea
chown root:git /etc/gitea
chmod 770 /etc/gitea

NOTE: /etc/gitea is temporarily set with write permissions for user git so that the web installer can write the configuration file. After the installation is finished, it is recommended to set permissions to read-only using:

chmod 750 /etc/gitea
chmod 640 /etc/gitea/app.ini

If you don't want the web installer to be able to write to the config file, it is possible to make the config file read-only for the Gitea user (owner/group root:git, mode 0640) however you will need to edit your config file manually to:

  • Set INSTALL_LOCK= true,
  • Ensure all database configuration details are set correctly
  • Ensure that the SECRET_KEY and INTERNAL_TOKEN values are set. (You may want to use the gitea generate secret to generate these secret keys.)
  • Ensure that any other secret keys you need are set.

See the command line documentation for information on using gitea generate secret.

Configure Gitea's working directory

NOTE: If you plan on running Gitea as a Linux service, you can skip this step, as the service file allows you to set WorkingDirectory. Otherwise, consider setting this environment variable (semi-)permanently so that Gitea consistently uses the correct working directory.

export GITEA_WORK_DIR=/var/lib/gitea/

Copy the Gitea binary to a global location

cp gitea /usr/local/bin/gitea

Adding bash/zsh autocompletion (from 1.19)

A script to enable bash-completion can be found at contrib/autocompletion/bash_autocomplete. This can be copied to /usr/share/bash-completion/completions/gitea or sourced within your .bashrc.

Similarly a script for zsh-completion can be found at contrib/autocompletion/zsh_autocomplete. This can be copied to /usr/share/zsh/_gitea or sourced within your .zshrc.

YMMV and these scripts may need further improvement.

Running Gitea

After you complete the above steps, you can run Gitea two ways:

See how to create Linux service

2. Running from command-line/terminal

GITEA_WORK_DIR=/var/lib/gitea/ /usr/local/bin/gitea web -c /etc/gitea/app.ini

Updating to a new version

You can update to a new version of Gitea by stopping Gitea, replacing the binary at /usr/local/bin/gitea and restarting the instance. The binary file name should not be changed during the update to avoid problems in existing repositories.

It is recommended that you make a backup before updating your installation.

If you have carried out the installation steps as described above, the binary should have the generic name gitea. Do not change this, i.e. to include the version number.

As we explained before, we recommend to use systemd as the service manager. In this case, systemctl restart gitea should be fine.

2. Restarting Gitea without systemd

To restart your Gitea instance, we recommend to use SIGHUP signal. If you know your Gitea PID, use kill -1 $GITEA_PID, otherwise you can use killall -1 gitea.

To gracefully stop the Gitea instance, a simple kill $GITEA_PID or killall gitea is enough.

NOTE: We don't recommend to use the SIGKILL signal (-9); you may be forcefully stopping some of Gitea's internal tasks, and it will not gracefully stop (tasks in queues, indexers, etc.)

See below for troubleshooting instructions to repair broken repositories after an update of your Gitea version.


Old glibc versions

Older Linux distributions (such as Debian 7 and CentOS 6) may not be able to load the Gitea binary, usually producing an error such as ./gitea: /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6: version 'GLIBC\_2.14' not found (required by ./gitea). This is due to the integrated SQLite support in the binaries provided by dl.gitea.com. In this situation, it is usually possible to install from source, without including SQLite support.

Running Gitea on another port

For errors like 702 runWeb()] [E] Failed to start server: listen tcp bind: address already in use, Gitea needs to be started on another free port. This is possible using ./gitea web -p $PORT. It's possible another instance of Gitea is already running.

Running Gitea on Raspbian

As of v1.8, there is a problem with the arm7 version of Gitea, and it doesn't run on Raspberry Pis and similar devices.

It is recommended to switch to the arm6 version, which has been tested and shown to work on Raspberry Pis and similar devices.

Git error after updating to a new version of Gitea

If during the update, the binary file name has been changed to a new version of Gitea, Git Hooks in existing repositories will not work any more. In that case, a Git error will be displayed when pushing to the repository.

remote: ./hooks/pre-receive.d/gitea: line 2: [...]: No such file or directory

The [...] part of the error message will contain the path to your previous Gitea binary.

To solve this, go to the admin options and run the task Resynchronize pre-receive, update and post-receive hooks of all repositories to update all hooks to contain the new binary path. Please note that this overwrites all Git Hooks, including ones with customizations made.

If you aren't using the Gitea built-in SSH server, you will also need to re-write the authorized key file by running the Update the '.ssh/authorized_keys' file with Gitea SSH keys. task in the admin options.