fread reads the entire requested size (BUFSIZ), which causes tools to
block if only small amounts of data are available at a time. At best,
this causes unnecessary copies and inefficiency, at worst, tools like
tee and cat are almost unusable in some cases since they only display
large chunks of data at a time.
Get rid of the !!()-constructs and use ret where available (or introduce it).
In some cases, there would be an "abort" on the first fshut-error, but we want
to close all files and report all warnings and then quit, not just the warning
for the first file.
This has been a known issue for a long time. Example:
printf "word" > /dev/full
wouldn't report there's not enough space on the device.
This is due to the fact that every libc has internal buffers
for stdout which store fragments of written data until they reach
a certain size or on some callback to flush them all at once to the
You can force the libc to flush them with fflush(). In case flushing
fails, you can check the return value of fflush() and report an error.
However, previously, sbase didn't have such checks and without fflush(),
the libc silently flushes the buffers on exit without checking the errors.
No offense, but there's no way for the libc to report errors in the exit-
GNU coreutils solve this by having onexit-callbacks to handle the flushing
and report issues, but they have obvious deficiencies.
After long discussions on IRC, we came to the conclusion that checking the
return value of every io-function would be a bit too much, and having a
general-purpose fclose-wrapper would be the best way to go.
It turned out that fclose() alone is not enough to detect errors. The right
way to do it is to fflush() + check ferror on the fp and then to a fclose().
This is what fshut does and that's how it's done before each return.
The return value is obviously affected, reporting an error in case a flush
or close failed, but also when reading failed for some reason, the error-
state is caught.
the !!( ... + ...) construction is used to call all functions inside the
brackets and not "terminating" on the first.
We want errors to be reported, but there's no reason to stop flushing buffers
when one other file buffer has issues.
Obviously, functionales come before the flush and ret-logic comes after to
prevent early exits as well without reporting warnings if there are any.
One more advantage of fshut() is that it is even able to report errors
on obscure NFS-setups which the other coreutils are unable to detect,
because they only check the return-value of fflush() and fclose(),
not ferror() as well.
1) "duplicate" implies that you can only specify two outputs,
"multiply" is a better word describing the functionality.
2) fix other wording in the manpage
3) fix usage()
4) reorder local variables
5) fix sizeof() style
6) we need argv later, don't increment argv and rather iterate
7) Improve error messages, print the filename which the write
failed to instead of printing the buffer itself (how much
sense does that make, printing 1024 Bytes of garbage?).
Also, give the name of the function which failed.
It actually makes the binaries smaller, the code easier to read
(gems like "val == true", "val == false" are gone) and actually
predictable in the sense of that we actually know what we're
working with (one bitwise operator was quite adventurous and
should now be fixed).
This is also more consistent with the other suckless projects
around which don't use boolean types.